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Ethical policies

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The purpose of these regulations is to establish and observe research (Clinical or Basic) ethics for research papers submitted to the Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow (CiSE).


Researchers should be honest about their research. Researchers need to have a high ethical standard at all times during the research, in areas such as receiving funds for research, publishing research results, and fairly compensating participants. More specifically, research papers that are forged, altered, plagiarized, overlapped, and/or dishonest cannot be published either online or in journals and are not eligible for research funds.

1. Forgery, Alteration, Plagiarism

Forgery (Fabrication): making up data or research results that do not exist.

Alteration (Falsification): fabricating research materials, equipment, or processes, or changing/deleting research results intentionally to distort research contents or results.

Plagiarism: using others’ ideas, research (process and contents), and/or results without proper authorization or citation.

2. Only Original Contribution That Has Not Been Previously Published or Submitted Elsewhere Can Be Submitted

  • (1) Submissions are accepted only when they are not submitted elsewhere and have not been published elsewhere. All or part of manuscripts that are already published or submitted to Intestinal Research can’t publish in any other publication without permission of editorial board.
  • 2) Multiple or duplicate publication is only limited to review article or publication with other language. Otherwise multiple or duplicate publication can be allowed after a review from the Publication Council, if it is qualified under the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals ( recommendations/) and also after receiving approval from both journals.
  • (3) The Society does not accept any divided or salami manuscripts.
  • (4) Misconduct or any other ethical violation will be judged (decided) on final deliberation by Editorial Board.

3. Overlapped Publication and Dishonest Research

Publishing research papers that contain the same or similar contents to that which were/are published in other journals or books, or publishing research papers that are/were published in other journals or books.

Wrongful research paper author indication: either refusing to grant a qualification to publish (without proper reasons) to a person who contributed to science and/or technology with his/ her research contents or results, or granting qualification to publish to a person who did not contribute to science and/or technology because of a wish to express appreciation or honor.

Authors must state that the protocol for the research project has been approved by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee (Human or Animal) of the institution within which the work was undertaken and that it conforms to the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki, available at

Details are as follows:

  • (1) Researchers should fully explain the purpose and methods of research as well as any possible mental and physical harm that could occur during research participation. If he/she is to publish the research results, he/she has to indicate that on the paper.
  • (2) Researchers cannot write down participants’ names or initials. In case of possible disclosure of participants’ identification through pictures of face or anything similar, researchers should receive written informed consent from the participants or their guardians.
  • (3) Researchers should receive an approval from Institutional Review Board and indicate it on the paper if one wishes to publish the research results.
  • (4) This journal follows the data sharing policy described in “Data Sharing Statements for Clinical Trials: A Requirement of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors”. The ICMJE’s policy regarding trial registration is explained at Any research that deals with clinical trial should be registered to the primary national clinical trial registration site such as, or other sites accredited by WHO or ICMJE. If the data sharing plan changes after registration this should be reflected in the statement submitted and published with the manuscript, and updated in the registry record.

If a research object is animal, researchers should follow these general rules:

  • (1) Researchers should indicate what he/she did to minimize the pain or discomfort that experiment subjects went through.
  • (2) Researchers should indicate that he/she did not violate NIH guideline (NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals).
  • (3) When necessary, the Society can ask for a written consent and an approval letter issued by Animal Ethics Committee.

4. Authorship policy

  • (1) Authorship should be based on substantial contributions to (a) conception and design, (b) collection, analysis and interpretation of data, (c) drafting and/or revising the article, or (d) final approval of the version to be published.
  • (2) Person who made genuine contributions, yet not active and sufficient enough to be co-authors should be stated on Acknowledgements. All funding related to the work should be specifically stated on Acknowledgements.
  • (3) Any potential conflict of interest such as financial or personal connection must be stated on manuscripts.
  • (4) Co-authorship (co-first or co-corresponding authorship) should be permitted under the review of Research Ethics Council.


  • 1. For consideration of research ethics and related issues, the Journal operates a Research Ethics Council (the Council hereafter).
  • 2. Chairperson of the Publication Committee of Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society (KSES) is the Chair of the Council. The constitution of the Council is decided by the Publication Committee of KSES.
  • 3. Operation of the Council follows separate regulations decided by the Council.


The roles of the Research Ethics Council are as follows.

  • 1. The Council reviews research ethics issued from the publication of the Journal and related papers (original articles, case reports, review articles and others).
  • 2. The Council reviews any forgery, alteration, plagiarism, wrongful research paper author indication, or multiple or duplicate publication allegations for published papers and brings the results to the Editorial Board CiSE, Publication Committee, and Executive Committee of KSES.


The roles of the Research Ethics Council are as follows.

  • 1. When research ethics violations occur, the chair of the Council should call a meeting immediately to review the situation, and report the results to the executive committee of KSES.
  • 2. The Council should keep any investigation of ethics violations confidential, and should not oppose the interests of the Journal.
  • 3. Upon completion of the investigation, the Council decides the level of punishment appropriate for the violator (author or corresponding author) based on the level of violation. Following listed voluntary punishments will be introduced to the Council depending on a case-by-case basis in which more than 2/3 of attendees judge at the Council meeting with more than half of the voting shares. A researcher who is subject to disciplinary actions may submit written materials for the rights of exculpation.

    (1) Verbal and written warning
    (2) Retraction of the research article and issues of statement of apology
    (3) Prohibition of submission to Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow for one year
    (4) Prohibition of submission to Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow for three years

  • 4. The Council keeps a record of the investigation and the results of ethical misconduct.
  • 5. If the Council confirms ethical misconduct in a paper, the executive committee announces the case and disapproves the publication of the paper in the Journal. If the paper is already published in the Journal, the paper will be deleted from the paper list of the Journal and this will be announced to the members of the KSES and the readers of Journal on the following issue.


Any other cases that are not indicated in this regulation should follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication (
Any other polices not stated apply to the ‘Good Publication Practice Guidelines for Medical Journals ( ethics.html)’ or ‘Guidelines on Good Publication (’ can be applied.


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